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News & Research:

Air pollution is an important determinant of health. WHO estimates that in 2012 around 1 in 8 deaths were attributed to exposure to air pollution, making it the largest environmental risk factor for ill health.
According to WHO, 4.3 million people a year die from the exposure to household air pollution.

Air Pollution Is A major environmental health problem affecting everyone. Air pollution increases the risk of respiratory and heart disease in the population. Both short and long term exposure to air pollutants have been associated to health impacts. More severe impacts affect people who are already ill. Children, the elderly and poor people are more susceptible.

Household Air Pollution and Health :-

Around 3 billion people cook and heat their homes using open fires and simple stoves burning biomass (wood, animal dung and crop waste) and coal.

• Over 4 million people die prematurely from illness attributable to the household air pollution from cooking with solid fuels.

• More than 50% of premature deaths due to pneumonia among children under 5 are caused by the particulate matter (soot) inhaled from household air pollution.

• 3.8 million premature deaths annually from noncommunicable diseases including stroke, ischaemic heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer are attributed to exposure to household air pollution.


Ambient(Outdoor) Air Quality and Health :-

• Air pollution is a major environmental risk to health. By reducing air pollution levels, countries can reduce the burden of disease from stroke, heart disease, lung cancer, and both chronic and acute respiratory diseases, including asthma.

• The lower the levels of air pollution, the better the cardiovascular and respiratory health of the population will be, both long- and short-term.

• The “WHO Air quality guidelines” provide an assessment of health effects of air pollution and thresholds for health-harmful pollution levels.

• Ambient (outdoor air pollution) in both cities and rural areas was estimated to cause 3.7 million premature deaths worldwide in 2012.


Ambient(Outdoor) Global Platform on Air Quality and Health :-

Air pollution is an important determinant of health. WHO estimates that in 2012 around 1 in 8 deaths were attributed to exposure to air pollution, making it the largest environmental risk factor for ill health.

WHO is leading a collaborative effort with other international and national organizations to strengthen the capacity of the health and other sectors to develop, implement and monitor air pollution abatement strategies that protect health with the establishment of a Global Platform on Air Quality and Health.

The aim of the Global Platform is to systematically consolidate data on air quality and health by bringing together information on air pollution exposure from different sources such as air quality monitoring networks, atmospheric modelling and satellite remote sensing. This data can be used to make global assessments of air pollution and its associated disease burden, as well as demonstrate any improvements in air quality and health achieved by the implementation of effective air pollution reduction strategies and policies


ndia: first to adapt the Global Monitoring Framework
on noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) :-

Every year, roughly 5.8 million Indians die from heart and lung diseases, stroke, cancer and diabetes. In other words, 1 in 4 Indians risks dying from an NCD before they reach the age of 70.

“Heart diseases, diabetes, cancers, and chronic respiratory diseases now affect younger and younger people,” says Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Regional Director of WHO South-East Asian Region. “The millions of productive individuals lost prematurely to NCDs are seriously undermining social and economic development.”

But the country is not watching and waiting for the burden to grow. Instead, the Government of India is taking immediate action and targeting the greatest risk factors contributing to NCDs—unhealthy diets, physical inactivity, tobacco and alcohol use, and air pollution.

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